Celtic Mythology Celtic Mythology Adventure, heroism, romance, and magic are a few of the elements that make Celtic mythology one of the most entrancing mythologies of Europe. Once a powerful people who dominated much of Europe, the Celts were reduced to a few small groups after the Roman invasions. However, their mythology survived, thanks largely to the efforts of medieval Irish and Welsh monks who wrote down the stories. At the peak of their power, they inhabited an area extending from the British Isles in the west to what is now Turkey in the east. They conquered northern Italy and Macedonia, plundering both Rome and Delphi in the process. They had a reputation as fierce and courageous warriors and were viewed with respect by the Romans. Celtic expansion reached its limit around B. Gradually, the Romans subdued the Celts, and by A. At the same time, Germanic peoples conquered the Celts living in central Europe. Just a few areas, notably Ireland and northern Britain, managed to remain free and to continue and pass on the Celtic traditions.
Hand Mirrors Made by the Celtics (or “Keltik”) from Approximately 300 B.C. to A.D.
Scots Gaelic samhainn, Old Irish samain “summer’s end”, from sam “summer” and fuin “end” is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead. Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year. The term derives from the name of a month in the ancient Celtic calendar, in particular the first three nights of this month, with the festival marking the end of the summer season and the end of the harvest.
The Gaelic festival became associated with the Catholic All Souls’ Day, and appears to have influenced the secular customs now connected with Halloween.
Celtic Number Mythology. Three was a sacred number in ancient Celtic mythology and religion. Riddles and triadic phraseology are frequent in Celtic mythology. The triskel, a figure composed of three spirals, signifies the three-layered nature of a human soul, and is itself a central figure in ancient Celtic .
The religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Celts CELTS Among the ancient European peoples were the warlike Celts–muscular, light-haired wanderers who probably came from the distant steppes beyond the Caspian Sea. The Celts, who were also called Gauls, continued to migrate in all directions. After capturing the fertile Po Valley region, they laid siege to Rome.
To what is now France they gave the ancient name of Gaul. In Asia Minor they founded the kingdom of Galatia. In Britain, Celtic warriors overran and conquered the islands.
But Jesus’ followers during the first four or five generations after his death were far more concerned about sexual morality than Jesus himself had been. One pattern centered on the reproductive function of sex and established nature and the natural as the criterion of what was licit; the second focused on the notion that sex was impure, a source of shame and defilement; the third emphasized sexual relations as a source of intimacy, as a symbol and expression of conjugal love.
Medieval writers placed greater emphasis upon the first two patters, but at various times prior to the Reformation, and in many segments of Christian society since then, all three approaches and the consequences deduced from them have been held and taught in various combinations. The Roman familia meant a household, not a family in the modern sense, and households came in a great variety of sizes and shapes.
Among the wealthy and powerful, the household often numbered hundreds of persons and things:
Direct from our Dublin Craft Bindery Welcome to O’Brien Celtic Gifts Dublin, for over 30 years designing & manufacturing a unique range of high quality Paper based Celtic & Irish Gifts – direct from our craft bindery here in Dublin, Ireland. We use only high quality papers in the reproduction, printing, embossing and bookbinding of our products, in keeping with the great Irish traditions.
Irish – Celtic Gifts We use only high quality papers in the reproduction, printing, embossing and bookbinding of our products, in keeping with the great Irish traditions dating back to the Book of Kells and beyond. All our journals can be personalised on front cover. Pictured left is a Claddagh Journal with a Celtic Gold embossed design on the padded cover.
Commemorative items celebrating the Rising A unique high quality Writing Journal – Notebook for personal use or as a Memorable Gift for a realitive or friend – at home or abroad. Available in Green or Tan and in 2 finishes. Click for details Ancient Map of Ireland This is the land of our fore fathers around – the roads on which they travelled, the towns and villages of their birth, the lakes, rivers and mountains they knew so well. Reproduced with great care and in fine detail on parchment type paper – featuring our unique ‘raised-embossed’ effect.
Click for details Ireland Remembered Series – Reproductions from our Archives A series of paintings, remembering cities and towns of Ireland from the last century and before – also traditional lifestyle activities – some gone but remembered – others still part of our way of life. For some images the mount is shaped and others it is square. Please see individual images for availability.
Irish – Celtic In Ireland
In very basic terms, Europe of the second millennium BC provided a home for a group of recently-arrived Indo-European people who all spoke the same language. This was a centum branch a West Indo-European-speaking branch which later divided into the Italic , Celtic, Venetic of the Adriatic , and probably Liburnian and Illyrian language groups.
A date for the split is conjectural, but BC seems likely see the Indo-European page for a more detailed discussion. As time passed these groups began to drift apart, each group speaking the tongue a little differently. Along what was probably the southern and western edge of these tribes, each group began to expand further south and west. One group settled in what is now north-eastern Italy in the region of Venice the Adriatic Veneti.
1. Celtic History The Celts dominated Mid and Western Europe for a thousand years. But it is only recently that the importance of Celtic influence on the cultural, linguistic and artistic development of .
List of Irish saints By the early fifth century the religion had spread to Ireland, which had never been part of the Roman Empire. There were Christians in Ireland before Palladius arrived in as the first missionary bishop sent by Rome. His mission does not seem to have been entirely successful. The subsequent mission of Saint Patrick established churches in conjunction with civitates like his own in Armagh ; small enclosures in which groups of Christians, often of both sexes and including the married, lived together, served in various roles and ministered to the local population.
During the late 5th and 6th centuries true monasteries became the most important centres: Besides Latin, Irish ecclesiastics developed a written form of Old Irish. Universal practice[ edit ] Connections with the greater Latin West brought the nations of Britain and Ireland into closer contact with the orthodoxy of the councils. The customs and traditions particular to Insular Christianity became a matter of dispute, especially the matter of the proper calculation of Easter.
In addition to Easter dating, Irish scholars and cleric-scholars in continental Europe found themselves implicated in theological controversies but it is not always possible to distinguish when a controversy was based on matters of substance or on political grounds or xenophobic sentiments.
Click for Tribal Tattoos Photo Gallery The tribal style originates from the old tribes like the Celtic, the Maori tribes, the Haida tribes, the inhabitants of the Marquesan and the tribes of Borneo. What a lot of people now recognize as Tribal is in fact a new style: New Tribalism are the remains of the old Tribal style.
The Celtic Symbols and Meanings are a collection of stories, interpretations, and beliefs gathered from various sources including Irish and Scottish Artist, Dictionaries, and found throughout modern culture. Some are based on fact, some based on educated guesses because, the Druids and Ancient Celts didn’t write down the meanings of the Celtic Knotwork and left us to interpret them.
Like most things they evolved over time as symbols used to represent our point of view or intent. You can see a thousand variations of the Celtic Knot Work, but it’s still based on the art, carvings and manuscripts left behind. These knots are most known for their adaptation for use in the ornamentation of Christian monuments and manuscripts, such as the 8th-century St. Most are endless knots, and many are varieties of basket weave knots. Spirals, step patterns, and key patterns are dominant motifs in Celtic art before the Christian influence on the Celts, which began around A.
These designs found their way into early Christian manuscripts and artwork with the addition of depictions from life, such as animals, plants and even humans. In the beginning, the patterns were intricate interwoven cords, called plaits, which can also be found in other areas of Europe, such as Italy, in the 6th century. A fragment of a Gospel Book, now in the Durham Cathedral library and created in northern Britain in the 7th century, contains the earliest example of true knotted designs in the Celtic manner.
Examples of plait work a woven, unbroken cord design predate knotwork designs in several cultures around the world, but the broken and reconnected plait work that is characteristic of true knotwork began in northern Italy and southern Gaul and spread to Ireland by the 7th century. Romilly Allen has identified “eight elementary knots which form the basis of nearly all the interlaced patterns in Celtic decorative art”. In modern times Celtic art is popularly thought of in terms of national identity and therefore specifically Irish, Scottish or Welsh.
It is often used to describe the Celtic Knotwork designs because they have no beginning and no end.
Please click on the following names or images to learn more about these deities:
He says that Mercury was the most honoured of all the gods and many images of him were to be found. Mercury was regarded as the inventor of all the arts, the patron of travellers and of merchants, and the most powerful god in matters of commerce and gain. After him the Gauls honoured Apollo, who drove away diseases, Mars, who controlled war, Jupiter, who ruled the heavens, and Minerva, who promoted handicrafts. He adds that the Gauls regarded Dis Pater as their ancestor. In characteristic Roman fashion, Caesar does not refer to these figures by their native names but by the names of the Roman gods with which he equated them, a procedure that greatly complicates the task of identifying his Gaulish deities with their counterparts in the insular literatures.
Shamanism is the oldest spiritual and healing practice on the planet dating back 50, years. This tradition has grown out of humanity’s experience of evolving out of the earth and our intimate connections to our mother. When we journey into the inner realms through the doors of perception using our minds eye to explore the wondrous world of imagination, we can tap into the greater store of.
Brighton are the latest club to check on the Celtic striker with West Ham and Everton also keen but the year-old is likely to wait until the summer when bigger clubs may come in. Arsenal and Chelsea have looked at the former Fulham star in the past along with Paris Saint Germain and Real Madrid and, despite some patchy form, he is in rush to leave Celtic. Celtic boss Rodgers said: Moussa’s been linked with so many clubs since I’ve been here. Moussa Dembele has been a revelation since moving to Park Head Image: Liverpool, Arsenal, Manchester United, and Premier League latest ahead of January window “There’s been no contact between the clubs and Moussa is very much still a Celtic player.
There is no fee, no bid, there have been no talks. I live in the real world of football and you can say things that make you look silly. Dembele insists he is happy at Celtic Park Image:
How much will Celtic get from the sale of Virgil Van Dijk to Liverpool?
Venus is the Greek goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. According to Greek poet Hesiod, she was born when Cronus cut off Ouranos’ genitals and threw them into the sea, and from the aphros sea foam arose Aphrodite. Because of her beauty other gods feared that jealousy would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, and so Zeus married her to Hephaestus, who was not viewed as a threat. Her unhappiness in marriage caused her to frequently seek out the companionship of her lover Ares.
Aphrodite also became instrumental in the Eros and Psyche legend, and later was both Adonis’ lover and his surrogate mother. Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus.
Holidays, Festivals & Celebrations ; SAMHAIN. Samhain; from Irish samhain, cf. Scots Gaelic samhainn, Old Irish samain “summer’s end”, from sam “summer” and fuin “end”) is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead. Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year. The term derives from the name of a.
Bibliography of Sources for Further Study An Introduction to Celtic History The lands occupied by Celtic peoples, whose existence can be traced over more than 25 centuries, were vast. The Celtic people have mystified anthropologists and historians for generations. They were a non literate culture whose history and literature was preserved through oral tradition.
The only written records of their civilization are the texts left by classical authors, the first of which appear circa BCE. These accounts, inaccurate as they may be, are important in that they demonstrate that the Celts came into cultural contact, and sometimes competition, with the Greeks as well as the Romans. In recent years, modern archeology has been successful in reconstructing an echo of the “voice” of the ancient Celts. Facets of Celtic society, economy, and religion completely ignored by Classical texts have been brought to light.
The classical image of Celtic life describes barbaric men and women dressed in uncured animal skins in primitive villages, people who worshipped strange deities and whose lives were consumed in blood feuds. Because of the authority of the classical authors, these ancient misconceptions were pervasive. The Celts impressed the Greeks and Romans with their bold dress and powerful appearance. Generally characterized by classical observers as a people of fair hair, of red or gold, and fair complexions, although the people of the British Isles were described as small and dark-haired most Celtic women apparently stood taller than the average Roman citizen.
Celtic women, upon reaching maturity, adopted a complex braided style for their hair, and wore dyed and embroidered dresses.
Hamilton Show more https: The chapter provides a brief description of the morphology of the area. Major aspects of the solid rock geology are discussed with the main emphasis on sea floor and shallow-subsurface geology. The continental shelf of the South Western Approaches is one of the widest in north-western Europe. From the continental margin, the shelf surface extends some km eastwards along the English Channel to the Strait of Dover and some km north-east across the Celtic Sea to the Bristol Channel and St.
Sections transversely across the English Channel and Celtic Sea show similarly low gradients except close to the present coast or where localized depressions or deeps occur, such as on the southern side of the Channel.
More than a prayer book, Celtic Daily Prayer is a gift from the Northumbria Community of northeastern England. This devout religious community, with members scattered around the world, is joined together by the teachings of traditional Celtic Christianity dating back to the sixth century.
What is this festival really about? Celtic Origins While the exact origin of our Halloween celebrations remains disputed by scholars, most point back to the ancient Celtic festival Samhain pronounced sah-wen as the precursor. The Celtic people of pre-medieval Europe lived in an area encompassing Ireland, the United Kingdom, and northern France.
In this Halloween greeting card from , divination is depicted: October 31 was the transitional time between the end of summer and the beginning of winter with its darker and shorter days that was often associated with death. The Celts believed the boundaries between the land of the living and the land of the dead became blurred on October 31, and the dead could cross over into this world to visit souls.
This is likely the origin of modern-day dressing up in costume for Halloween.
When I first saw the mirrors, I found them intriguing, given in part that they were made about 2, years ago. I launched this site as a public service in July , in an effort to showcase basic information about the Celts, their culture and one of the most intriguing aspects of Celtic art-their mirrors. Celtic mirrors were usually highly decorated and considered important examples of Iron Age art, created from approximately B.
Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism, the religion of the Iron Age Celts. Like other Iron Age Europeans, the early Celts maintained a polytheistic mythology and religious structure. For Celts in close contact with Ancient Rome, such as the Gauls and Celtiberians, their mythology did not survive the Roman Empire, their subsequent conversion to Christianity and the loss of.
Background[ edit ] The ancient peoples now called “Celts” spoke a group of languages that had a common origin in the Indo-European language known as Common Celtic or Proto-Celtic. This shared linguistic origin was once widely accepted by scholars to indicate peoples with a common genetic origin in southwest Europe, who had spread their culture by emigration and invasion. More recent genetic studies have indicated that various Celtic groups do not all have shared ancestry, and have suggested a diffusion and spread of the culture without necessarily involving significant movement of peoples.
Carved stone ball from Towie in Aberdeenshire, dated from — BC  Celtic art is associated with the peoples known as Celts; those who spoke the Celtic languages in Europe from pre-history through to the modern period, as well as the art of ancient peoples whose language is uncertain, but have cultural and stylistic similarities with speakers of Celtic languages.
Its English form is modern, attested from In the late 17th century the work of scholars such as Edward Lhuyd brought academic attention to the historic links between Gaulish and the Brythonic —and Goidelic —speaking peoples, from which point the term was applied not just to continental Celts but those in Britain and Ireland. Then in the 18th century the interest in ” primitivism “, which led to the idea of the ” noble savage “, brought a wave of enthusiasm for all things Celtic and Druidic.